Feb 2017
06

red hat linux

Red hat linux basics commands

to create new directory

#mkdir <directory name>

EX: mkdir linux

 

to create child directory

#mkdir  -p parent directory/ child directory/ child directory

EX: mkdir –p linux/red/blue

 

to create multiple directories

#mkdir <directory name> {number of directory}

EX: mkdir linux {1,2,3}

 

to create new files

# cat > <file name>

EX:  cat > linux

 

 

Untitled

To Edit file

# cat >> <file name>

EX: cat >> linux

 

View file

#cat <file name>

EX: cat linux

 

numerical representation

# cat  -n <file name>

EX: cat –n linux

 

to create multiple file

touch  a{1..10)

EX:touch a{linux1,linux2,linux3}

 

absolutely path

current working directory

# pwd

 

Change the directory

#cd < directory name>

EX: cd /home/exam

 

reverse path

#cd .. [previous directory ]

#cd ../.. [previous to previous directory ]

#cd ../../.. [to the root home directory ]

#Cd ~ [go to ~]

#cd / [go to / ]

#cd ~/desktop/ [relative path ]

#cd /root/desktop/  [absolute path]

 

Helping command

#man <command name>

EX: man mkdir

#info <command name>

EX: info mkdir

#what is

#where is

#whoam i

“q” option for edit

 

remove command

#rm <directory name>

EX: rm linux

#rm <file name>

EX: rm linux

 

Copy command

#cp –rvf <source path > <destination path>

EX: cp –rvf /root/desktop/linux  /home/exam

 

Move command

Mv –rvf <source path > <destination path>

EX: cp –rvf /root/desktop/linux  /home/exam

 

List command

#ls <list files and directory>

EX: ls –L

 

 

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